Haptic feedback, which consists of both force and tactile feedback, is an integral component of virtual reality (VR) interactions. Force feedback is the simulation of a virtual object’s hardness, weight, and inertia, whereas tactile feedback is the simulation of a virtual object’s surface geometry, smoothness, slippage, and temperature.Together, the integration of the two modalities provides users with an immersive experience by creating touch sensation in the virtual environment.

Haptic technology is the pillar of Intelligent Haptronic Solutions’ Robotic Touch Technology Platform. Haptic feedback interface, haptic controller, and mechanical modeling software is built into the company’s digestive endoscopy simulator to realistically model the sensations and environments associated with different endoscopic tasks and procedures on varying patient cases. Such technology provides a low-risk virtual environment for trainees to develop robust technical, cognitive, and integrative competencies associated with endoscopy training.

1. Burdea, G.C. (1999). Keynote address: haptic feedback for virtual reality. Proceedings of International Workshop on Virtual Prototyping, 87-96.